Jackfield" is the name given to glossy black glazed pottery usually on a red or dark coloured clay body. The term wares originated in the town of Jackfield, a small village on the south bank of the River Severn, in the Ironbridge Gorge in Shropshire, England , in mid 18th century between 1740 to 1780. The original earthenware was a thin-walled grey to purplish-black clay, and covered in a glossy black lead glaze. It was also known as jet ware, blackware, or japanned ware, after the Japanese black lacquer pieces. It was also made is in Staffordshire by Thomas Whieldon, William Greatbatch and Josiah Wedgwood who called it "Shining Black". Early pieces tended to be cold painted in a gold colour, with later ones have fired gilding.
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